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Chengdu J-20 first chinese jet fighter

The Chengdu J-20 may become the first jet fighter of China, with a possible service entry in 2017. The completion of the program demonstrates that China intends to be a serious player in military aviation. The Chengdu J-20 is a purportedfifth-generation, stealth, twin-engine fighter aircraft prototype developed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). The J-20 made its first flight, lasting about 15 minutes, on 11 January 2011. China thus became the third nation in the world to “develop and test-fly a full-size stealth combat aircraft demonstrator”, after the United States and Russia. A second test flight of an hour and twenty minutes took place on 17 April 2011. On 5 May 2011, a 55-minute test flight included retraction of the landing gear.

The J-20 is a single-seat, twin-engine aircraft which appears to be somewhat larger and heavier than the comparable Sukhoi T-50 and Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor. Some experts’ estimate that it is approximately 75 feet (23 m) in length, has a wingspan of 45 feet (14 m) or more.
As early photographs of the prototype surfaced, some commented that the design may suggest a large, long range ground attack aircraft, not unlike a “stealth version” of the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark. The canard-delta configuration with canted vertical fins appears to resemble the MiG 1.42. Yet, Other notes that key differences include greater forward fuselage shaping as the basis for low observable characteristics, along with the different engine intake configuration. The J-20 has a pair of all-moving tailfins that are swept back in the F-35 style instead of being trapezoid like the F-22 and PAK-FA tails and ventral stabilizing fins. It also has an F-22 style nose section, but with F-35 style dropped nose, forward swept intake cowls with diverterless supersonic inlet (DSI) bumps and a one-piece canopy. The Chengdu J-20 is more than a stealth jet fighter, but the real demonstration that China intends to become a major player in military aviation. And as China unveils slowly but surely other fighter programs, the reassurance of their point starts to make other neighboring countries a bit nervous.

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